Background to SHAPES
Adiposity is a term used to describe the amount and location of fat tissue in the body. Adiposity is measured in a variety of ways, for example using ultrasound scans or measuring the size of someone’s waist using a tape measure. Research shows that high amounts of adiposity around and above the waist can lead to some health conditions, for example Type 2 Diabetes. However, there is a lack of research exploring how adiposity might be relevant to pregnancy.
Maternity units currently use body mass index (BMI) to identify which women and birthing people might need additional care during pregnancy. Total body weight and height are used to calculate a BMI. This calculation has some limitations as it cannot tell how much fat tissue someone has, or where it is stored. There might be other adiposity measures that work better than BMI to identify who would benefit the most from additional care during pregnancy.
What is SHAPES trying to do?
The SHAPES research programme aims to explore whether there are measures of adiposity in early pregnancy that can be used to identify which women and birthing people, and their babies, might benefit from additional care during pregnancy.