Research into phonological awareness in different languages and studies comparing two or more languages (cross linguistic studies) suggest that phonological awareness develops in a similar way in all languages (e.g. Dickinson et al., 2004). Each language brings its own advantage to phonological awareness, supporting the child’s acquisition of that language (Anthony & Francis, 2005). It is likely that phonological awareness skills in one language can support development and use in another language (Alkaab, 2018).

It is helpful to provide parents/guardians with activities to complete with their child in their home language as well as or instead of English.