Clinical Study

We have now finished recruiting for our main study - thank you to everyone who has taken part! We're currently processing the results and will post them here when available. 


Pilot Study

We carried out a university-based pilot study in 2015 on 20 healthy volunteers from Newcastle University. Thank you to all who took part!

The results have now been published in Scientific Reports. A copy of the paper can be found here.



We carried out a review of the current literature in this area which was published in the BMJ Journal Open Heart. A copy can be found here.