Essential Bibliography

The following bibliography is a selective overview of publications on topics relating to the Images of the Gods project, and makes no claim to comprehensiveness. 


Ando, C. The matter of the Gods. Religion and the Roman Empire. Berkeley, 2008.

_______. Praesentia numinis. Part 1: The Visibility of Roman Gods. Asdiwal 5, 2010, 45-73.

_______. Praesentia numinis. Part 2: Objects in Roman Cult. Asdiwal 6, 2011, 57-69.

_______. Praesentia numinis. Part 3: Idols in Context (of Use). Asdiwal 10, 2015, 61-76.

Arena, V. Libertas and the Practice of Politics in the late Roman Republic. Cambridge, 2012.

Assmann, J. & Baumgarten, A.I. Representation in Religion. Studies in Honor of Moshe Barash. Leiden, 2001

Auvray-Assayas, C. Images mentales et représentations figurées: penser les dieux au Ier siècle av. n. è. In: ____. (dir.) Images Romaines. Paris, 1998, 299-310.   

Beard, M. The Roman Triumph. London & Cambridge, 2007.

Belayche, N. & Brulé, P. Introduction: Nomination et représentation du divin. ARG 12, 2010, 3-5.

Belayche, N. & Pirenne-Delforge, V. (dir.) Fabriquer du divin. Constructions et ajustements de la représentation des dieux dans l’Antiquité. Liège, 2015.

Belting, H. Likeness and Presence: A History of the Image before the Era of Art. Chicago, 1994. 

Berry, D.H. & Erskine, A. (ed.) Form and Function in Roman Oratory. Cambridge, 2010.

Borgeaud, Ph. & Fabiano, D. Perception et construction du divin dans l’Antiquite. Geneve, 2013

Cancik, H. & Cancik-Lindemaier, H. The Truth of Images: Cicero and Varro on Image Worship. In: Assmann & Baumgarten 2001, 43-61.

Carey, J.W. Communication as Culture: Essays on Media and Society. Boston, 1989.

Cormack, R. Painting the Soul: Icons, Death Masks and Shrouds. London, 1997.

Elsner, J Roman Eyes. Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text. Princeton, 2007.

Estienne, S. et al. Image et Religion dans l’Antiquité gréco-romaine. Actes du Colloque de Roma, 2003. Rome, 2008.

Estienne, S. et al. (dir.) Figures de dieux. Construire le divine en images. Paris, 2014.

Feeney, D. Literature and Religion in Rome. Cultures, contexts and beliefs. Cambridge, 1999.

Freedberg, D. The Power of Images: Studies in the History and Theory of Response. Chicago, 1989.

Gildenhard, I. Creative Eloquence. The Construction of Reality in Cicero’s speeches. Oxford, 2011.

______. Greek Auxiliaries: Tragedy and Philosophy in Ciceronian Invective. In: Booth, J. (ed.) Cicero on the Attack: Invective and subversion in the orations and beyond. Swansea, 2007, p. 149-182. 

Ginzburg, C. Wooden Eyes. Nine Reflections on Distance. London, 2002.

Gordon, R. From Republic to Principate: Priesthood, Religion and Ideology. In: Beard, M. & North, J. (ed.) Pagan Priests. Religion and Ancient World. Ithaca, 1990, 177-198.

______. The Real and the Imaginary: production and religion in the Graeco-Roman World. Art History 2, 1979, 5-34.

Hölkeskamp, K.-J. Reconstructing the Roman Republic: an Ancient Political Culture and Modern Research. Princeton, 2010.

Hölscher, T. The Language of Images in Roman Art. Cambridge, 2004.

Kennedy, G.A. The Art of Persuasion in the Roman World, 300 BC-200 AD. Princeton, 1972.

Ker, J. Roman Repraesentatio. American Journal of Philology 128.3 (2007), 341-365.

Lapatin, K.D.S. Chryselephantine Statuary in the Ancient Mediterranean. Oxford, 2002.

Leen, A. Cicero and the Rhetoric of Art. AJP 112, 1991, 229-245.

Mitchell, W. J. T. ShowingSeeing: A Critique of Visual Culture. In: Mirzoeff, N. (ed.) The Visual Culture Reader. London, 2002.

______. Iconology: Image, Text, Ideology. Chicago, 1987.

Moatti, C. La razón de Roma. El nacimento del espíritu critico a fines de la Republica. Madrid, 2008.

Morcillo, M. G., Richardson, J.H.  & Santangelo, F. (ed.) Ruin or Renewal? Places and the Transformation of Memory in the City of Rome. Roma, 2016.

Morstein-Marx, R. Mass Oratory and Political Power in the Late Roman Republican. Cambridge, 2004.

Mylonopoulos, J. (ed.) Divine Images and Human Imaginations in Ancient Greece and Rome. Leiden, 2010.

Pernot, L. The Rhetoric of Religion. Rhetorica 24, 2006, 235-54

Petridou, G. Divine Epiphany in Greek Literaure and Culture. Oxford, 2015.

Platt, V. Facing the Gods. Epiphany and Representation in Graeco-Roman Art, Literature and Religion. Cambridge: Cambridge, 2011.

Pollini, J. From Republic to Empire. Rhetoric, Religion and Power in the Visual Culture of Ancient Rome. Norman, 2012.

Powell, J. G. F. Invective and the Orator: Ciceronian Theory and Practice. In: Booth, J. (ed.) Cicero on the Attack: Invective and subversion in the orations and beyond. Swansea, 2007, 1-23. 

Rogoff, I. Studying Visual Culture. In: Mirzoeff, N. (ed.) The Visual Culture Reader. London, 2002.

Rawson, E. Intellectual Life in the Late Roman Republic. Baltimore, 1985.

Rüpke, J. Religion in Republican Rome. Rationalization and Ritual Change. Philadelphia, 2012. 

_____.  Representation or Presence? Picturing the divine in ancient Rome. Archiv für Religionsgeschichte 12, 2010, p. 181-196.

_____. Varro’s tria genera theologiae: Religious thinking in the Late Republic. Ordia Prima, 4, 2005: 107-129.

Santangelo, F. Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic. Cambridge, 2013.

Schiesaro, A. Simulacrum et imago. Gli argomenti nel De rerum natura. Pisa, 1990.

Seager, R. Ciceronian Invectives: Themes and Variations. In: Booth, J. (Ed.) Cicero on the Attack: Invective and subversion in the orations and beyond. Swansea, 2007, 25-46. 

Steel, C. & Van Der Bloom, H. (ed.) Community and Communication. Oxford, 2013.

Steel, C. Cicero, Rhetoric and Empire. Oxford, 2002.

Steinby, E.M. (dir.) LTVR - Lexicon Topographicum Vrbis Romae. Roma, 1995.

Steiner, D. Images in Mind. Studies in Archaic and Classical Greek Literature and Thought. Princeton, 2001.

Stewart, P. Statues in Roman Society. Representation and Response. New York, 2004.

Tempest, K. Cicero: Politics and Persuasion in Ancient Rome. London, 2011.

Van Nuffelen, P. Rethinking the Gods. Philosophical Readings of Religion in the Post-Hellenistic Period. Cambridge, 2011.

Vasaly, A. Representations. Images of the World in Ciceronian Oratory. Berkeley, 1993.

Vernant, J.-P. Mythe et pensée chez les Grecs: études de psychologie historique. Paris, 1966.

______. Figures, idoles, masques. Paris, 1990.

______. Figuration et image. Métis 5, 1990, 225-38.

Whitehouse, H. & Mccauley, R. N. (ed.) Mind and Religion. Psychological and Cognitive Foundations of Religiosity. Walnut Creek, 2005.

Zanker, P. Nouvelles orientations de la recherche en iconographie: commanditaires et spectateurs. Revue archéologique (Nouvelle série) 2, 1994, 281-293.