Engineering the Soil Carbon Sink (ENGSCS)
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current activities and research tools at CLUWRR

CLUWRR is involved in interactive research with government departments, agencies, industry and stakeholder communities in relation to real strategic problems on water and the environment. Interactive research entails working with users and funders from definition of the research agenda to implementation of the research findings using participatory methods and facilitating strategic thinking. CLUWRR is a multidisciplinary research group, which enables us to mantain quality of research whilst addressing numerous issues within our study areas.

CLUWRR's expertise comprises a broad range of issues, mostly related to the existing relationships between human acitvity, land use change and water resources availability. These issues have been adapted to diverse settings and locations in different parts of the world.

CLUWRR manages and participates in a wide range of regional, national and international environmental projects. This part of the website provides information both on on-going research and on recently completed projects.Browse our archive of recently finalised projects, find out more about our non-project publications or view our presentations.

Being a multidisciplinary research group, CLUWRR has undertaken research in these main areas:

  • Integrated land and water resources management (ILWRM)
  • Promotion of adequate institutional links
  • Sustainable livelihoods
  • Forests and Water interactions
  • Impacts of land use change on water resources
  • Tropical catchment development issues
  • People, markets and hydrology


Summaries and updates of current projects and activities

Rural Energy Production from Bioenergy Projects

Re-Impact. This is a 40 month project, funded by EU-AidCo, to investigate the water resource, societal, biodiversity and carbon sequestration impacts of biofuel plantations. The project, started in May 2007, involves a consortium of 7 organisations led by the team at CLUWRR. Looking at case study locations in South Africa, Uganda, China and India the project will aim to provide regulatory and impact assessment frameworks, furthering sustainable biomass production policies and reducing the associated risks. The CLUWRR team working on the project consists of Dr Jaime Amezaga, Dr James Garratt, Jennifer Harrison and Samantha Boyes.





Implementing an IWRM plan in Lake Urmia basin, Iran

As part of multidisciplinary research (PhD Programme) at the school of Civil Engineering and Geosciences and international and national efforts to save Lake Urmia from environmental catastrophe, this project aims to develop a socio-technical framework for implementing the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) paradigm in Iran by analysing how water resources can be managed and adapted in response to anthropogenic drivers (e.g. population growth) and environmental pressures (e.g. climate change) within the context of institutional set-up and stakeholder participation.



A multi-level analysis of forest policies in Northern Vietnam: uplands, people, institutions and discourses

Dr Floriane Clement recently completed her Postgraduate training with CLUWRR at Newcastle University. This page provides information on the research undertaken as well as a summary of the topic, and provides access to a number of useful outputs of the project, which are still being updated regularly.



ForeStClim stands for Transnational Forestry Management Strategies in Response to Regional Climate Change Impacts. This is a 5 year project, funded by the EU INTERREG IVB NWE program. The consortium includes 21 partners across 5 European countries, of which CLUWRR is one. ForeStClim aims at a regionalization of climate changes and its effects on dynamically changing site characteristics in forests. The main objective of ForeStClim is a transnational approach to proactive and adaptive forestry management and forest protection strategies in order to serve the economic and ecological stability of European forests and its timber production as well as the protection and recreation functions of forests. A combined risk assessment taking all the aspects into account also includes the forest dimension of goods and services.

IUFRO Task Force coordination at CLUWRR

The International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) is the global network for forest research science cooperation. Within the Union there are a number of Task Forces that provide platforms for research into specific forestry related areas, coordinated by individually selected experts. CLUWRR director, Professor Ian R Calder, has been appointed Task Force Coordinator for the new IUFRO Task Force on Forest and Water Interactions.


Water Resource Impacts of UK Energy Plantations

This report was commissioned by the UK Forestry Commission, and completed in March 2007. The HYLUC model was used to consider possible water resource implications of Short Rotation Forestry (SRF) for energy provision at eight mostly lowland UK sites. Synthetically generated weather data was used to look at future climate scenarios, considering both Low and Medium-High Emissions according to the UKCIP02 predictions.


Modelling Tools

At CLUWRR, we are constantly developing models to be used where few data are available and modelling requirements are high. With this in mind, we have developed the hydrological model - HYdrology of Land Use Change (HYLUC), and the GIS-dissemination tool - EXploratory Climate Land Assessment and Impact Management (EXCLAIM).

HYdrology of Land Use Change (HYLUC)

HYLUC is a rainfall-runoff model that works on the principle of Hydrological Response Units (HRUs). A HRU is defined as a land use with a sub-catchment. Each sub-catchment is driven by its own meteorological data, and each HRU contributes to the runoff of the whole catchment.

HYLUC works on a 2-reservoir system (root zone soil and ground water). Infiltration into the soil is governed by an exponential function related to soil wetness between field capacity and saturation. The purpose of HYLUC is to assess the magnitude and direction of changes to runoff based on changes in land management. HYLUC has been applied to assessments of:

1. Tropical deforestation (Panama and Costa Rica)
2. Afforestation and intensification of irrigation (Republic of South Africa)
3. Afforestation and installation of water harvesting features (India)

HYLUC is not distributed through the web site. Anyone interested in using HYLUC for their research should contact CLUWRR.

EXploratory Climate Land Assessment and Impact Management (EXCLAIM)

EXCLAIM is a viewing tool designed to illustrate the effects of land use change and climatic variability on hydrological outputs. EXCLAIM is able to display multiple subcatchments within a larger catchment. Within EXCLAIM, the user is able to adjust land use dynamically through slider bars, and a map is automatically adjusted to show the new land use distributions. In a separate panel, summary hydrological information is displayed, which consists of annual rainfall, runoff and evaporation from the catchment.

EXCLAIM has been designed to work alongside HYLUC, but is suitable for any model that can generate rainfall and evaporation data at the annual scale. EXCLAIM is available as a java applet that runs within a web browser. Other than a Java Virtual Machine, no additional software is required to view and work with applications that have been developed.

EXCLAIM is being continually developed to improve the user interface and allow the display of new features. The software required to build a new application is not currently distributed, due to the developmental nature of the project.

More information on the EXCLAIM viewing tool can be found on the EXCLAIM project microsite.


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