Reza Amouzgar

‌Reza Amouzgar -

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PhD Title:

GPU Based Hydrodynamic Modelling of Tsunami


PhD Project Details:

Tsunami's can be very destructive causing large loss of life.  The recent tsunami, which hit Japan in March 2011, was catastrophic in its effects.  More than 15,000 people were killed, and significant damages were caused to buildings and infrastructure including several power plants.  This project will provide a new practical tool for multi-scale tsunami modelling based on high performance computing.  The project will build upon existing schemes to develop a numerical model for tsunami propagation and inundation.  Tsunami simulations commonly cover large spatial domains.  Therefore, in order to substantially improve computational efficiency, the model is implemented for graphics processing units (GPU) using CUDA.


Possible applications include:

  • Evacuation planning

  • Real-time tsunami warning systems

  • Risk management

  • City planning


A numerical scheme, which solves the shallow water equations (SWE’s), is employed in this work.  This method is particularly suited to the nature of the tsunami propagation and inundation.  Tsunamis generated by earthquakes are commonly considered as long-waves and can be mathematically described by the non-linear shallow water equations.  This work presents a numerical model which solves the 2D SWE's using a finite volume (FVM) Godunov type scheme incorporating a HLLC approximate Riemann solver.  The scheme is shock capturing and so is applicable to the rapidly varying flows observed in tsunami events.

 Tsunami Wave Propagation

(Figure 1. Wave propagation of the Japan tsunami 2011 after 20 minutes from the elapsing time of earthquake)



Professor Qiuhua Liang

Professor Pete Clarke



Disaster Prevention Research Institute of Kyoto University in Japan


Related Outputs:

Amouzgar, R., Liang, Q. and Smith, L. (2014) 'A GPU-Accelerated Shallow Flow Model for Tsunami Simulations', Proceedings of the ICE - Engineering and Computational Mechanics, 167(3), pp. 117-125.


Liang, Q., Hou, J. and Amouzgar, R. (2015) 'Simulation of Tsunami Propagation Using Adaptive Cartesian Grids', Coastal Engineering Journal.


Clarke, P.J., Paradissis, D., Briole, P., England, P.C., Parsons, B.E., Billiris, H., Veis, G. and Ruegg, J.C. (1997) 'Geodetic Investigation of the 13 May 1995 Kozani-Grevena (Greece) Earthquake', Geophysical Research Letters, 24(6), pp. 707-710.



Reza commenced his PhD in September 2011 with the following qualifications:

  • MSc Civil Engineering (Distinction), University of East London

  • MSc Civil Engineering – Hydraulic Structures, University of Kerman, Iran

  • BSc Civil Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran


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