Janie Ling Chin

‌‌Janie Ling Chin - http://www.ncl.ac.uk/energy/people/profile/j.l.chin


PhD Title:

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Marine Power Technologies


PhD Project Details:

Greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption have continuously received global attention and many international organisations have dedicated their resources to investigate the correlation between transportation and climate change, and furthermore identify potential mechanism that can be applied to mitigate - climate change due to transportation.  Marine transport appears to be the most dominant transport mode in 2000 and 90% of goods around the world were shipped with cargos and by 2030, the number of cargos transported by ships will be treble compared to 2000 (Capman, 2007).


Recent reports focusing on marine transport are (Wang and Corbett, 2007; Faber et al., 2009; Erying et al., 2010; Vergara et al., 2012), to name but a few.  Despite the fact that the amount of emissions and energy consumption in the maritime sector as estimated and projected in these reports vary, there is a common key message – marine transport is accounted for climate change; and its energy consumption and emission release should be taken into account seriously. 


Some examples of seagoing commercial vessels include general cargo ships, tankers, bulk carriers, container ships, reefers, cruise and Ro-on-Ro-off (RoRo).  To date, propulsion and auxiliary power of marine vessels can be met by various power systems.  Some power technologies are mature, e.g. diesel engines and steam turbine, and others are under research employing alternative resources, e.g. cold ironing, full fuel cell, full electricity, hydrogen, nuclear, solar, wind, wave etc.  The scope of marine power systems is unquestionably massive and due to time constraints, it is impossible to address all in this study.  This PhD study is an environmental study of marine power system onboard seagoing marine vessels.  Life cycle assessment (LCA) has been selected as the environmental study tool and a RoRo cargo ship has been chosen as the reference ship type for the PhD study.



Capman, L. (2007) 'Transport and Climate Change: A Review', Journal of Transport Geography, 15, pp. 354-367.


Erying, V., Isaksen, I.S.A., Berntsen, T., Collins, W.J., Corbett, J.J., Endresen, O., Grainger, R.G., Moldanova, J., Schlager, H. and Stevenson, D.S. (2010) 'Transport Impacts on Atmosphere and Climate: Shipping', Atmospheric Environment, 44, pp. 4735-4771.


Faber, J., Markowska, A., Nelissen, D., Davidson, M., Eyring, V., Cionni, I., Selstad, E., Kågeson, P., Lee, D., Buhaug, Ø., Lindtsad, H., Roche, P., Humpries, E., Graichen, J., Cames, M. and Schwarz, W. (2009) Technical Support for European Action to Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from International Maritime Transport (09.7731.78 ). Delft: Commission, E. [Online]. http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/shipping/docs/ghg_ships_report_en.pdf (Accessed: 8 March 2014).


Vergara, J., McKesson, C. and Walczak, M. (2012) 'Sustainable Energy for the Marine Sector', Energy Policy, 49, pp. 333-345.


Wang, C. and Corbett, J.J. (2007) 'The Costs and Benefits of Reducing SO2 Emissions from Ships in the US West Coastal Waters', Transportation Research Part D, 12, pp. 577-588.




Prof Tony Roskilly

Dr Oliver Heidrich






Janie commenced her PhD, as a part time student in October 2012, and works as a full time member of staff at the Sir Joseph Swan Centre for Energy Research.