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Readings on North-East English


Atkinson, John (2011) 'Linguistic variation and change in a North-East border town: a sociolinguistic study of Darlington', PhD thesis, Newcastle University.

Auckle, Tejshree (2006) 'Testing Instruments for a Dynamic Syntactic Atlas of Northern Englishes'. Vacation Scholarship Poster.

Beal, Joan C. (1985) 'Lengthening of a in Tyneside English', in Roger Eaton, Olga Fischer, Willem F. Koopman and Frederike van der Leek (eds) Papers from the Fourth International Conference on English Historical Linguistics, 10-13 April, Amsterdam, pp.31-44.

Beal, Joan C. (1993) 'The grammar of Tyneside and Northumbrian English', in J. Milroy and L. Milroy (eds.) Real English: the grammar of English dialects in the British Isles, London: Longman, pp.187-213.

Beal, Joan C. (2008) 'English dialects in the north of England: morphology and syntax', in Bernd Kortmann and Clive Upton (eds), Varieties of English I: The British Isles. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp.373-403.

Beal, Joan C., Lourdes Burbano-Elzondo and Carmen Llamas (2012) Urban North-Eastern English: Tyneside to Teesside. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Briggs, Asa (1996) 'Middlesbrough: the growth of a new community', in A. J. Pollard (ed.) Middlesbrough Town and Community, 1830-1950. Stroud: Sutton Publishing, pp. 1-31.

Brockett, John T. (1825) A Glossary of North County Words in Use. Newcastle upon Tyne: Hodgson.

Buchstaller, I. (2011) 'Quotations across the generations: A multivariate analysis of speech and thought introducers across 4 generations of Tyneside speakers', Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 7: 1-18.

Buchstaller, I. and S. Alvanides (to appear). Employing geographical principles for sampling in state of the art dialectological projects. (To appear in Journal of Dialect Geography).

Buchstaller, I. and K. P. Corrigan (2011a) 'How To Make Intuitions Succeed', in A. McMahon and W. Maguire (eds.) Analysing Variation in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.30-48.

Buchstaller, I. and K. P. Corrigan (2011b) 'Judge not lest ye be judged: Exploring methods for the collection of socio-syntactic data', in F. Gregersen, J. K. Parrott and P. Quist (eds.) Language Variation - European Perspectives III: Selected papers from the 5th International Conference on Language Variation in Europe. Copenhagen: John Benjamins, pp.149-160.

Buchstaller, I., K. P. Corrigan and A. Holmberg (in preparation) 'A Layered Approach to Idiolectal and Regional Variation in North Eastern England', in J. Parrott (ed.), Language Faculty and Beyond: Internal and External Variation in Linguistics. Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins (2012, submitted).

Buchstaller, I., K. P. Corrigan, A. Holmberg, P. Honeybone, W. Maguire and A. McMahon (in preparation) 'Northern English and Scots, Phonology and Syntax: Towards a Linguistic Atlas of Northern England and Scotland'. Submitted to English language and Linguistics.

Burbano-Elizondo, Lourdes (2006) 'Regional variation and identity in Sunderland', in Tope Omoniyi and Goodith White (eds) The Sociolinguistics of Identity. London: Continuum, pp.113-128.

Burbano-Elizondo, Lourdes (2008) 'Language variation and identity in Sunderland', PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

Cameron, D. (2001) Working with Spoken Discourse, London: Sage.

Childs, Claire (2010) 'The Northern Subject Rule: hypothesis formulation and testing'. Vacation Scholarship Poster.

Childs, Claire (2011) 'The Northern Subject Rule and Coordination: Examining Perceptions of Verbal -s Occurrence in Tyneside English', Dissertation.

Cole, M. (2008) 'What is the Northern Subject Rule? The resilience of a medieval constraint in Tyneside English', in T. Guzman Gonzalez and S. G. Fernandez-Corugedo (eds.) Journal of the Spanish Society for Medieval Language and Literature XV (SELIM).

Dobson, Scott (1986) Larn Yersel Geordie, New edition. Morpeth: Butler Publishing.

Docherty, Gerard and Paul Foulkes (1999) 'Sociophonetic variation in "glottals" in Newcastle English', in John J. Ohala (ed.) Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.1037-1040

Docherty, Gerard and Paul Foulkes (1999) 'Derby and Newcastle; instrumental phonetics and variationist studies', in Paul Foulkes and Gerard J. Docherty (eds.) Urban Voices: Accent Studies in the British Isles. London: Arnold, pp.47-71.

Fernandez Cuesta, Julia and Nieves Rodriguez Ledesma (2004) 'Northern Features in 15th-16th Century Legal Documents from Yorkshire', in Marina Dossena and Roger Lass (eds.) Methods and Data in English Historical Dialectology. Bern: Peter Lang, pp.287-308.

Fernandez Cuesta, Julia and Nieves Rodriguez Ledesma (2007) 'From Old Northumbrian to Northern ME: Bridging the Divide', in Gabriella Mazzon (ed.)Studies in Middle English Forms and Meanings, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, pp.117-132.

Garcia-Bermejo Giner, Maria F. and Michael Montgomery (2003) The Knaresborough Workhouse Daybook: Language and Life in 18th-Century North Yorkshire. Scarborough: Quacks Books and the Yorkshire Dialect Society.

Graham, Frank (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary. Morpeth: Butler Publishing.

Griffiths, Bill (2007) Pitmatic: The Talk of the North East Coalfield. Alnwick: Northumbria Press.

Griffiths, Bill (2011) A Dictionary of North East Dialect, 3rd edition. Alnwick: Northumbria Press.

Haas, N. de and A. van Kemenade (2010) 'Dialect syntax and the rise of the Northern Subject Rule'. Unpublished manuscript. Radboud University Nijmegen.

Heslop, R. O. (1892) Northumberland words: a glossary of words used in the county of Northumberland and on the Tyneside. London: English Dialect Society.

Ihalainen, Ossi (1994) 'The dialects of England since 1776', in Burchfield, R. (ed.), The Cambridge History of the English Language, vol. 5, English in Britain and Overseas: Origin and Development, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 197-274.

Jensen, Marie Moeller (2008) 'When is a [bʊk] a [buk]? - a quantitative analysis of the pronunciation of [ʊ] in Newcastle, Gateshead, and Sunderland'. Unpublished term paper, Newcastle University.

Jones, Mark (2002) 'The origin of definite article reduction in northern English dialects: evidence from dialect allomorphy', English Language and Linguistics, 6: 325-345.

Jones, Mark and Carmen Llamas (2003) 'Fricated pre-aspirated /t/ in Middlesbrough English', in Maria J. Sole, Daniel Recasens and Joaquin Romero (eds) Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 3-9 August, Barcelona: Causal, pp. 655-658.

Jones, Mark J. and Carmen Llamas (2008) 'Fricated realisations of /t/ in Dublin and Middlesbrough English: an acoustic analysis of plosive frication and surface fricative contrasts', English Language and Linguistics, 12.3: 419-443.

Jones, V. (1985) 'Tyneside syntax: A presentation of some data from the Tyneside Linguistic Survey', Focus on England and Wales, ed. Viereck, W., Amsterdam, 1985.

Jones-Sargent, V. (1983) Tyne Bytes. A computerised sociolinguistic study of Tyneside. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Kerswill, Paul E. (1984) 'Social and linguistic aspects of Durham (e:)', Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 14.1: 13-34.

Kerswill, Paul (1987) 'Levels of linguistic variation in Durham', Journal of Linguistics, 23: 25-49.

Llamas, Carmen (2001) 'Language variation and innovation in Teesside English', PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

Llamas, Carmen (2001) 'The sociolinguistic profiling of (r) in Middlesbrough English', in Hans Van de Velde and Roeland van Hout (eds) r-atics: Sociolinguistic, Phonetic and Phonological Characteristics of /r/, special issue of Etudes et Travaux, 4 December 2001, Brussels: ILVP, pp. 123-40.

Llamas, Carmen (2006) 'Shifting identities and orientations in a border town', in Tope Omoniyi and Goodith White (eds), Sociolinguistics of Identity, London: Continuum, pp. 92-112.

Llamas, Carmen (2007) 'A place between places: language and identities in a border town', Language in Society, 36.4: 579-604.

Llamas, Carmen, Peter French and Lisa Roberts (2010), 'Phonological and perceptual isoglosses between the Tyne and the Wear'. Paper presented at Northern Englishes Workshop, Sheffield, March 2010.

Local, John (1986) 'Patterns and problems in a study of Tyneside intonation', in Catherine Johns-Lewis (ed.) Intonation and Discourse. London: Croom Helm, pp.181-198.

Local, John K., John Kelly and William H. G. Wells (1986) 'Towards a phonology of conversation: turn-taking in Tyneside English', Journal of Linguistics, 22: 411-437.

Macaulay, R. (1991) ''Coz it izny spelt when they say it': displaying dialect in writing', American Speech, 66: 280-291.

McDonald, Christine (1981), 'Variation in the use of modal verbs, with special reference to Tyneside English', PhD thesis, Newcastle University.

McDonald, Christine and Joan C. Beal (1987) 'Modal verbs in Tyneside English', Journal of the Atlantic Provinces Linguistics Association, 9: 42-55.

McIntosh, Angus (1989) 'Present indicative plural forms in the later Middle English of the North Midlands', in Angus McIntosh and Margaret Laing (eds.) Middle English Dialectology: Essays on Some Principles and Problems, Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 116-122.

Milroy, J. (1994) 'Local and supra-local change in British English: the case of glottalisation', English World-Wide, 15: 1-32.

Milroy, J. (1995) 'Investigating the Scottish vowel length rule in a Northumbrian dialect', Newcastle and Durham Working Papers in Linguistics, vol. 4, pp. 187-196.

Milroy, J., L. Milroy, S. Hartley and D. Walshaw (1994) 'Glottal stops and Tyneside glottalisation: competing changes in British English', Language Variation and Change 6: 327-357.

Milroy, L., J. Milroy, G. Docherty, P. Foulkes and D. Walshaw (1997) 'Phonological variation and change in contemporary English: evidence from Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Derby', in S. Conde and J. Hernandez-Compoy (eds) Variation and Linguistic Change in English. London: Cuadernos de Filologia Ingelsa, pp.35-46.

Moorsom, Norman (1996) Middlesbrough Re-Born: The Evolution of a Local Authority, Middlesbrough: Moorsom.

Orton, H., M. V. Barry, W. J. Halliday, P. M. Tilling and M. F. Wakelin (1962-1971) Survey of English Dialects, 4 volumes (each in 3 parts), Leeds: E.J. Arnold.

Pearce, Michael (2009) 'A Perceptual Dialect Map of North East England', Journal of English Linguistics, 37(2): 162-192.

Pellowe, J. and V. Jones (1978) 'On intonational variety in Tyneside speech', in P. Trudgill (ed.) Sociolinguistic Patterns of British English. London: Arnold.

Pellowe, John, Graham Nixon, Barbara M. H. Strang, and Vincent McNeany (1972) 'A dynamic modelling of linguistic variation: the urban (Tyneside) Linguistic Survey', Lingua, 30: 1-30.

Pichler, Heike (2008), 'A qualitative-quantitative study of negative auxiliaries in a northern English dialect: I DON'T KNOW and I DON'T THINK, innit?', PhD thesis, University of Aberdeen.

Pietsch, Lukas (2005) '"Some do and some doesn't": Verbal concord variation in the north of the British Isles', In Bernd Kortmann, Tanja Herrmann, Lukas Pietsch and Susanne Wagner (eds) A Comparative Grammar of British English Dialects. Agreement, Gender, Relative Clauses. Berlin: Mouton, pp.125-209.

Poplack, S. (1989) 'The care and handling of a megacorpus: The Ottowa-Hull French Project', in R. Fasold and D. Schiffren (eds.) Language Change and Variation. Amsterdam: Benjamins, pp.411-451.

Poplack, S. and S. Tagliamonte (1991) Interview Schedule from the African Nova Scotian English Project.

Preston, D. (1991) '"Mowr and mowr bayud spellin": confessions of a sociolinguist', Journal of Sociolinguistics, 4: 614-621.

Robinson, Sophie (2007) 'Measuring Syntactic Variability in a Borderland: generational differences in Peebles'. Vacation Scholarship Poster.

Rupp, L. (2006) 'The scope of the Northern Subject Rule', in M. Vliegen (ed.) Variation in Linguistic Theory and Language Acquisition (Proceedings of the 39th Linguistics Colloquium). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, pp.295-304.

Shorrocks, Graham (1999) A Grammar of the Dialect of the Bolton Area. Frankfurt am Main: Lang.

Simmelbauer, Andrea (2000) The Dialect of Northumberland: A Lexical Investigation. Heidelberg: Universitaetsverlag C. Winter.

Snell, Julia (2010) 'From sociolinguistic variation to socially strategic stylization', Journal of Sociolinguistics, 14.5: 630-656.

Strang, B. (1968) 'The Tyneside Linguistic Survey', Zeitschrift fur Mundartforschung, Neue Folge 4: 788-794.

Tagliamonte, S. (2004) Back to the Roots: The Legacy of British Dialects. Final Report to the ESRC, on grant no: R000239097.

 Viereck, W. (1966) Phonematische Analyse des Dialekts von Gateshead-upon-Tyne/Co. Durham. Hamburg: Cram, de Gruyter & Co.

Viereck, Wolfgang (1968) 'A diachronic-structural analysis of a northern English vowel system', in Stanley Ellis (ed.) Studies in Honour of Harold Orton on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday. Leeds: University of Leeds School of English, pp. 65-79.

Wales, Katie (2006) Northern English: A Social and Cultural History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Watt, Dominic (2000) 'Phonetic parallels between the close-mid vowels of Tyneside English: are they internally or externally motivated?', Language Variation and Change, 12: 69-101.

Watt, Dominic (2002) '"I don't speak with a Geordie accent, I speak, like, the Northern accent": Contact-induced levelling in the Tyneside vowel systems', Journal of Sociolinguistics 6: 44-63.

Watt, Dominic and Carmen Llamas (2004), 'Variation in the Middlesbrough English vowel system'. Poster presentation at the British Association of Academic Phoneticians Colloquium, Cambridge.

Watt, Dominic and Lesley Milroy (1999) 'Variation in three Tyneside vowels: is this dialect levelling?', in Paul Foulkes and Gerard J. Docherty (eds.), Urban Voices: Accent Studies in the British Isles, London: Arnold, pp. 25-46.

Wells, J. (1982) Accents of English I. An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

West, Helen (2009), '"I'm not Geordie! I'm not actually anything!" Convergent and divergent trends: dialect levelling and the struggle for identity in a south Durham new-town', MSc dissertation, University of Edinburgh.

Wright, Joseph (1892) A Grammar of the Dialect of Windmill in the West Riding of Yorkshire. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Truebner and Co.